Fact Sheet on Burkina Faso
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1.

Official Name

Government of Burkina Faso

2.

National Day

August 5

3.

Area

274, 122 sq. kms.

4.

Geography

Landlocked; borders with Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger and Mali.

5.

Major cities

Ouagadougou (capital),  Bobo Dioulasso, Koudougou, Ouahigouya, Banfora.

6.

 GDP (PPP)

US$ 24.03 billion (2012-est.)

7.

Population

17.27 million (July 2012-est.)

8.

Climate

Desert, Tropical

9.

Local Time

GMT (IST minus five and half hours)

10.

Religion

Muslims 50%; indigenous beliefs 40%;  Christians 10%.

11.

Adult Literacy rate

21.8%.

12.

Life expectancy at birth

54.07 years

13.

Official language

French.Major local dialects are More, Dioula, Gurma, Fulfulde, Tamasheq etc.

14.

Form of state

Unitary Republic

15.

Legal system

Based on constitution adopted by  referendum in June 1991.

16.

National legislature

Assemblee Nationale (National Assembly) of 111; Deputies elected for a five-year term by universal  suffrage in a single round.

17.

National elections

November 2010 (Presidential) and May 2007 (Legislative).Next elections due in 2015 (Presidential) and 2012 (Legislative).

18.

Head of State

President, elected for a five-year term by universal suffrage.

19.

National government

Council of Ministers, appointed by the   Prime Minister, who is appointed by the President

20.

Main political parties

CDP, the ruling party, PDP-PS, UNDD,   ADF-RDA, CFD (alliance of six parties),   PAI, Paren, CPS, Unir-MS, PDS & CNDP.   Convention des forces republicaines is a   pro-government alliance of parties, and   Justice et democratie is an opposition alliance.

21.

President

H.E. Mr.  Blaise Compaore

22.

Prime Minister

Mr. Beyon Luc Adolphe Tiao

23.

Name of Foreign/
Finance/Defence/ Commerce/ Industry Ministers

i)  Mr. Yipene Djibril Bassole, 
Minister of Foreign Affairs & Regional Cooperation,
ii) Mr. Lucien Marie Noel Bembamba, 
Minister for the Economy and Finances.
iii)  President himself,
Minister of Defence.
iv)  Mr. Patiende Arthur Kafando,
Minister of Industry, Commerce, the Promotion of Private Initiative and the Craft Industry.

24.

Currency

CFA Franc

25.

Exchange Rate

1 US$ = CFA 499 (Feb. 2013)

26.

GDP (per capita)

US $ 1400 (2012-est.)

27.

GDP growth rate

7% (2012-est.)

28.

Consumer Price Inflation

4.5 % (2012-est.)

29.

Total external debt

US$ 2.442 billion (Dec. 2012-est.)

30.

Agricultural produce

Cotton, Livestock, Cereals (millet & sorghum,  maize and paddy rice), tubers and roots, oilseeds (groundnut, sheanut and sesame),   
fruits & vegetables.

31.

Industries & Mining

Cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles. Mining – Gold, Zinc.   Good prospects for Manganese and phosphate mining.

32.

Total Exports

US$ 2,734 billion (2012-est.)

33.

Total Imports

US$ 2.868 billion (2012-est.)

34.

Principal exports

Cotton, Livestock, leather & hides, gold etc.

35.

Principal imports

Capital goods, food, petroleum products, 
vehicles, light & medium industrial machinery,  agricultural equipment.

36.

Main trading Partners

France, Cote d’Ivoire, Singapore, China, Togo, Zimbabwe, Ghana, Thailand and Niger

37.

Official Website Links

http://www.gouvernement.gov.bf

38.

Central Bank

Banque centrale des Etate de I’Afrique de I’ouest (BCEAO)

39.

Membership of International Organizations

Burkina Faso is member of UN and its specialized agencies, WTO, NAM, OIC, AU, ECOWAS,   UEMOA, AfDB and NEPAD


February, 2013



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